War Breaks Out. How Will Students Get News?

A MiddleWeb Blog

Where do your trainees turn for reliable and trustworthy information? Five years ago, Snapchat, Facebook and Twitter appeared to be the 3 most popular places teens go to for news. More recently (2021 ), the Pew Research Center found, in the words of USA Today, that “the striking short-form viral videos and images of Instagram, Snapchat, and TikTok continue to climb in appeal with Gen Z.” (Source).

Lets very first consider WHERE trainees get their news nowadays, and after that Ill use some valuable resources for following current events in this era of conspiracy theories, sensationalism and disinformation.

Professionals have currently alerted that “news” from social media is typically problematic. Reduce of access does not necessarily equate to precision. Students who depend on social media for their news typically dont understand the source– numerous posts are just reposts from somewhere else or viewpoint used as “fact.” Anybody can post something as “news” and trainees will need to stop and ask those “critical thinking” and “media literacy” questions which are valuable anytime and which all schools require to be mentor.

Its important to tension that these social media sites are not sources. At best they may point to genuine sources (e.g., the Associated Press highlighting its stories on Instagram). For the most part, social media platforms simply rearrange information and opinion produced by entities and individuals– a lot of which may be undependable at finest.

In 2020, 90% of US millennials got the latest news from popular social platforms. As for their other preferred news sources, 81% used news websites and apps, 78% listened to radio news, and 76% enjoyed major-network news broadcasts.

Additionally, images and video that are published from the dispute location or “war zone” may be “digitally modified” for propaganda purposes, so students require to question those as well. Throughout this brand-new dispute, trustworthy fact-checking groups will be essential “go-to” sites for confirmation and information.

As I write this it appears that Russia is attacking its next-door neighbor Ukraine and the media will be filled with breaking reports and analysis for months and days to come.

Sometimes like this, many grownups turn to news sources to remain notified. Our trainees do too.

What Are Trusted Sources?

Teen/Tween News Sources.

Now might be an excellent time to pull up your favorite map and familiarize trainees with the area. I recently created a Ukraine Maps web page with news posts which consist of maps.

News Coverage from Abroad.

Ukraine and surrounding nations. Source: Washington Post.

Other Resources.

When war breaks out that involves U.S. forces, we can be sure that American reporters, dealing with the Defense Department, will attempt to be embedded with troops in order to be able to report from as near to the action as possible. This practice became popular throughout the 2003 invasion of Iraq.

US-based sources discussed as amongst the most trusted consisted of National Public Radio (NPR), the general public Broadcasting Service (PBS), the Los Angeles Times, and The Wall Street Journal. (Source: AdWeek).

Considering that American reporters are not likely to be allowed in Russian territory, images will more than likely emanate from other sources, consisting of foreign news firms with much better access.

The Missouri research study did not ask individuals about breaking news. Where would you anticipate to get the most current news about possible the Russia/Ukraine dispute? From an American point of view, cable television news networks like CNN, FOX, MSNBC, NEWSY will certainly have press reporters and talk shows concentrating on breaking news occasions.

Finest News Sources For KidsCommon Sense Media6 Top News Sites for Kids & & TeensNews For KidsTeen Kids News.

Students who will be following the news needs to also be given chances to question the dependability of their sources. (This becomes rather clear when we recognize that many trainees have actually joined adults in forwarding “fake news” via preferred social media networks.) Trainees should consider who is communicating the information and needs to listen, read a range or see of news sources to get a much better point of view.

Security or reconnaissance satellites often provide pictures of dispute locations. In the weeks preceding the dispute, the US government routinely launched such images to show the world evidence of an impending Russian incursion.

Have trainees respond to concerns like: What objects and characters are shown in the cartoon? What words are used? What political concern is being resolved? How are signs utilized to represent places, things or people? What message do you think the cartoonist wants to communicate? Have them share the outcomes of their analysis with the entire class.

The PBS Newshour frequently consists of news sections from its partner International Television News ( ITN), based in Great Britain. For other global point of views, a lot of us have access to networks such as the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), RT ( Russia), SKY ( Britain), and NHK ( Japan) through our cable/satellite systems. Al Jazeera ( based in Doha) streams its news live as does Euronews.

Cagle Cartoons is a co-op site which licenses and shares editorial cartoons from all over the world, with various “political leanings.” In addition, cartoonist Daryl Cagle produces daily animations of his own, which he often analyzes– a real plus for instructors and students. Using cartoons in class for instructional purposes, including increasing Gen Z trainees gratitude of this unique form of journalism, is fair usage.

A 2017 University of Missouri study ( The Trusting News Project) discovered that when it pertains to most trusted news sources about the United States, 4 stem in the United Kingdom. They include The Economist, Reuters, the British Broadcasting Company (BBC), and The Guardian.

Have students translate a set and evaluate of editorial cartoons about stress in between Russia and the United States (or other countries normally). After some evaluation of the current political context (for example, U.S. sanctions vs. military action), and some basic conversation about where/how editorial cartoons are used, form small conversation groups and provide each group two cartoons, maybe selecting two different political point of views.

Source.

Consult your school librarian to identify if they have access to books on the history of war reporting, war documentary photography, or memoirs/biographies of noteworthy war reporters. Undoubtedly press reporters and photographers put their lives on the line when they go into war-torn locations. A good concern for students to think about is: what are the difficulties for press reporters in covering war and conflict?

Famed war reporter Martha Gellhorn and husband Ernest Hemingway reported throughout the globe during WWII, periodically together. (Wikipedia).

With the development of satellite communications, vibrant same-day tv news reporting offered significant protection of the Vietnam War and ultimately began to move national opinion about its requirement. Documentary filmmakers Ken Burns and Lynn Novicks Vietnam War PBS series offers tremendous insights about war and journalism throughout the rise of mass interactions.

New York Times Learning Network: Current EventsNYT-sourced news composed for teen audience; lesson strategies.

During World War II, CBS journalist Edward R Murrow, stationed in London, reported live from roofs as German planes dropped bombs on the city. Your trainees might listen to among his reports here. Defying the gender barriers of the time, Martha Gellhorn was one of the terrific war reporters of the mid-20th century– concealing away on a healthcare facility ship throughout the intrusion of Normandy (after being denied qualifications) and reporting while she acted as a stretcher bearer after D-Day.

More than likely, we will hear the word “propaganda” from news sources. Now would be an excellent time to evaluate what that word indicates and how propaganda has been used in the current past by Russia and its allies.

Of unique reference here is CNN-10– the everyday broadcast produced specifically for a student audience. See this February 18 edition which pointed out the different “signs” about war provided by Russia and the U.S.

The History of War Reporting.

A satellite image reveals a military convoy moving south, in Golovchino, Russia February 23, 2022. Thanks To Satellite Image 2022 Maxar Technologies/Handout by means of REUTERS (Source) Good Time for Geo-Literacy.

Heres One Lesson Idea.

American-based ABC, CBS and NBC (and their streamed news services) will most likely have round-the-clock coverage of any major war day-and-night.

Questioning Sources of News Information.

► How Reliable Are Search Engines?

The New York Times compared numerous online search engine (consisting of Google, Bing and DuckDuckGo) to see how each filtered “conspiracy theory” materials.

► What Do We Know about Tik Tok?

Frank W Baker is a 10+ year veteran of writing for MiddleWeb. His newest book, Close Reading The Media, is created to help teachers engage trainees in media literacy. Baker operates the internationally recognized Media Literacy Clearinghouse site. He tweets @fbaker.

Students who will be following the news ought to likewise be offered chances to question the reliability of their sources. Students need to consider who is conveying the info and ought to listen, read a variety or view of news sources to get a better viewpoint.

► Experts Predict More Digital Innovation by 2030 Aimed at Enhancing Democracy.

The New York Times reports regularly on the impact of what it refers to as the most effective video app on the planet.

From an American point of view, cable television news networks like CNN, FOX, MSNBC, NEWSY will certainly have reporters and talk shows focusing on breaking news occasions.

As for their other preferred news sources, 81% utilized news websites and apps, 78% listened to radio news, and 76% watched major-network news broadcasts. Anyone can publish something as “news” and trainees will require to stop and ask those “vital thinking” and “media literacy” questions which are valuable anytime and which all schools require to be mentor.

KEEP IN MIND: This post is modified from a 2017 column when North Korea threatened the United States..

This 2020 research study by Pew Research, which has importance for K12 teachers and curriculum, reports that “a majority of specialists anticipate significant reforms targeted at correcting problems in democratic institutions and representation will occur in the next years. Lots of (84%) say this will lead to favorable outcomes for the public excellent; others are less persuaded.”.

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